Kuldip Singh QC is said to have sped through the central London junction at 64mph in his 3.2 litre C-Class Mercedes-Benz - a full 1.4 seconds after the lights changed.
Representing himself, the 58-year-old told Westminster Magistrates' Court the allegation should be thrown out because he was not given the option of paying an on-the-spot fine when he was stopped.
The judge claims official guidelines show his speed should not have been taken into account when the decision was taken to prosecute him for jumping the red light.
Singh, who is not charged with speeding, argued the case should be dismissed as an abuse of process.
'Speed is not a relevant factor or consideration,' he said.
'An irrelevant factor was wrongly and unlawfully taken into account.
'It is clear the officer failed to correctly direct himself in law. The public interest was in seeing me given a fixed penalty notice.'
He added the traffic officer who stopped him was 'subverting the statutory purpose because he's taking into account something that's completely wrong.'
Singh allegedly committed the offence while driving along a 30mph stretch of Farringdon Street at its junction with Stonecutter Street in the City of London on November 14 last year.
He had been behind the wheel of a black C320 Avantgarde Se Auto, which DVLA records show was registered in the first half of 2003.
Varinder Hayre, prosecuting, said traffic police had the discretion to choose whether or not to issue motorists with fixed penalty notices.
'They are guidelines, and guidelines are not law,' she said.
'The officer may use his discretion in order to prosecute.'
Dressed in a dark grey suit, white shirt, and silver tie, Singh earlier handed to the judge three thick ring binders of documents outlining his argument.
District Judge Quentin Purdy adjourned the hearing until December 6 for a ruling on the abuse of process argument.
He earlier said he was 'yet to be persuaded there's any abuse at all despite the paperwork that's building up around me'.
Singh qualified as a barrister in 1975 and was appointed Queen's Counsel in 1993.
A spokesman for the Judicial Communications Office confirmed he sits as a deputy High Court judge, as well as a crown court recorder - a part-time judge who hears criminal cases.
The website of his chambers, Serle Court, state he is also a member of the FA's premier league disciplinary board.
Singh, whose address was given in court as his chambers at (6) New Square, Camden, north London, has not formally entered a plea to a single count of contravening a red traffic light.
MEMO: Singh date of birth: 30/08/1954